Introduction: Tourism is the practice of travelling for pleasure especially on one’s holidays. It is an organized journey during which several places are visited.
Importance of Tourism
Tourism is one of the major source of foreign exchange. Tourism is not merely a business for providing pleasure and rest. It has now grown into a big industry. Every year thousands of foreigners come to India as a result of which we earn a lot of foreign exchange.
Tourism Industry creates employment and contributes towards improving the economy.Tourism has caused the growth of travel agencies and tour operators, establishment of hotels and guest houses, restaurants and eating houses, making of luxury coaches and vehicles, and introduction of super-luxury trains and airways. It has also encouraged the revival and modernization. Of many small-scale cottage industries whose artisans and craftsmen have now flooded the market with innumerable gift items and curios. It its own way tourism is thus trying to solve a part of our vast unemployment problem.
Tours and holidays are the necessities of modern busy life.Gone are our peaceful and leisurely ways of life. Instead we have now to lead a busy and hurried life. in our daily life, we have to work very hard while discharging our duties and responsibilities. We also have to respond to various calls coming from home and outside. After performing all these we feel very tired and find that all our strength and energy has drained out. If it continues for a long time we fall a prey to complex physical and mental illness. Now nothing can replenish our lost energy so quickly and comfortably as tourism. We realize that the benefits of tourism are much more than what we pay for it.
Motives/Purposes behind of Tourism
Tourism serves some purposes such as:
1. It causes us to go to near or distant places, to see things with our eyes, and to fulfill our curiosity.
2. It satisfies our hunger for natural-beauty. A beautiful mountain scene, a lovely beach, or an exquisite sculptural work, casts an irresistible charm on our mind, and tourism lets us enjoy it to the full.
3. It makes us tolerant and broadminded so as to appreciate different people, their speech and dress, their manners and customs, their social and economic conditions.
4. It encourages intercultural contacts and intercultural activities.
Major Tourist Spots in India
There are a few countries which can compete with India in respect of worth-seeding tourists’ spots.
Hill stations: India has such hill stations as Darjeeling, Shillong, Gangtok, Manali, Shimla and Kashmir, Ooty and Panchmari.
Sea beaches: India has magnificent sea beaches at Puri and Pondicherry, Kovalam and Goa.
Architectural beauty:Sculptural marvels like the Taj Mahal, Khajuraho and Konark, temples like Meenakshi and Kanyakumari, caves liked Ajanta and Ellora, forts like Agra and Red Fort (Lal Kila).
Forests:Forests like the Sunderbans, and sanctuaries and national parks such as Kaziranga and Jaldapara , are important tourist destinations.
Religious places:Places of worship like Sringeri Math and Vaishno Devi for the Hindus, Pawapuri and Dilwara for the Jains, and Jama Masjid and Khaja Baba Mosque for the Muslims,.
Metropolitan cities:Metropolitan cities liked Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata and Chennai add to the unending list of her marvelous tourist spots.
India has everything: modern cities, sea-beaches, deserts, virgin jungles, ancient ruins, mouth-watering food and an ancient culture. People flock from all over the world to enjoy the attractions. India has so much to offer that the tourists love it.
Category: Essays, Paragraphs and ArticlesTagged With: Tourism
The word ‘Medical Tourism’ was initially coined by travel agencies and the mass media to describe the practice of travelling across international borders to obtain health care.
Such services could include complex specialized surgeries such as joint replacement (knee/hip), cardiac surgery, dental surgery, and cosmetic surgeries. But other types of health care like psychiatry, alternative treatments (example, Ayurveda), convalescent care and even burial services are also available.
More than 50 countries have identified medical tourism as a national industry. Surprisingly, the concept of medical tourism is not new. The first recorded instance of the practice goes back thousands of years to when Greek pilgrims travelled from all over the Mediterranean to the small region in the Saronic Gulf called Epidauria.
Image Source : globalcarehub.com
This was the sanctuary of the healing god, Asklepios. F. Pidauria is thus the original travel destination for medical tourism. Travel to spa towns and sanitariums can also be regarded as an early form of medical tourism. In eighteenth century England, many people visited spas which were known for their health-giving mineral waters, which could supposedly treat diseases from gout to liver disorders and bronchitis.
Many factors have contributed to the popularity of medical travel. They include the high cost of health care, long waiting periods for certain procedures, the ease and affordability of international travel, and improvements in technology and standards of care in many countries.
Medical tourists can come from any country. Many of them are citizens of Europe, the UK, Middle East, Japan, the United States, and Canada. Large populations, comparatively more wealth, high cost of medical treatment or lack of health care options locally are features of these countries.
Around 750,000 Americans went abroad for health care in 2007. As the numbers keep growing, US health care providers could lose billions of dollars worth of revenue. Convenience and speed make medical travel attractive. Countries which provide public health-care systems like the UK are often so taxed that it can take a long time to get non-urgent medical care. For instance, it might take several months to get fillings done on teeth. A hip replacement surgery can have a waiting time of a year or more in Britain and Canada. But in New Zealand, Costa Rica, Singapore, Hong Kong, Thailand, Cuba, Colombia, Philippines or India, the patient can be operated on the day after their arrival.
India’s medical tourism sector is expected to experience an annual growth rate of 30%. This will make it a Rs. 9,500-crore industry by 2015. Low costs, latest medical technologies and international quality standards make India a popular destination for medical tourists. As English is widely spoken in India, language is not a problem either. The cost of treatment in India may be as low as one-tenth the cost of comparable treatment in America or Britain.
Alternative therapies like Ayurveda, bone-marrow transplant, cardiac bypass, eye surgery and hip replacement are the treatments that are commonly sought by medical tourists to India. Chennai, the capital of Tamilnadu, has been declared India’s Health Capital, as it nets in 45% of health tourists from abroad and 30-40% of domestic health tourists.